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Table 2 Comparison of medical resources and life-sustaining treatment

From: Can primary palliative care education change life-sustaining treatment intensity of older adults at the end of life? A retrospective study

  2014–2017
(N = 131)
2018–2019
(N = 72)
χ2/Z value/
t value
p-value
Length of hospitalization (Days/IQR) 18.0 (8, 33) 15.5 (8, 34) -0.517 (Z value) 0.605
ICU admission (Yes N/%) 23 (17.6) 11 (15.3) 0.173 0.677
Numbers of oral drugs (Mean ± SD) 6.2 ± 4.6 4.9 ± 4.1 1.967 (t value) 0.05
Polypharmacy (Yes N/%) 83 (62.6) 37 (51.4) 2.422 0.120
Pain controlling drugs (Yes N/%) 18 (13.7) 21 (29.2) 6.144 0.013
Broad-spectrum antibiotics (Yes N/%) 91 (69.5) 53 (73.6) 0.387 0.534
Blood infusion (Yes N/%) 52 (39.7) 35 (36.1) 0.252 0.616
Albumin infusion (Yes N/%) 97 (74.0) 46 (63.9) 2.302 0.129
Nasogastric/nasoenteric tube (Yes N/%) 98 (74.8) 49 (68.1) 1.061 0.303
Nutrition route (N/%)
 Oral feeding 27 (20.6) 13 (18.1) 0.217 0.897
 Nasogastric/nasoenteric tube 41 (31.3) 24 (33.3)   
 Parenteral nutrition 63 (48.1) 35 (48.6)   
Puncture (Yes N/%) 21 (16.0) 15 (20.8) 0.735 0.391
Renal replacement (Yes N/%) 8 (6.1) 4 (5.6) 0.025 0.873
Intubation (Yes N/%) 18 (13.7) 6 (8.3) 1.303 0.254
Mechanical ventilation (Yes N/%) 46 (35.1) 19 (26.4) 1.625 0.202
Trachoestomy (Yes N/%) 4 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 2.243 0.134