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Table 3 Description of the nutritional information of current and habitual food consumption of older patients with cancer in palliative care

From: Effect of chocolate on older patients with cancer in palliative care: a randomised controlled study

   24HR STUDY BASELINE
Mean ± standard deviation
24HR END OF STUDY
Mean ± standard deviation
FFQ
Mean ± standard deviation
Variables CG IG1 IG2 CG IG1 IG2 CG IG1 IG2
n = 15 n = 16 n = 15 n = 15 n = 15 n = 15 n = 15 n = 15 n = 15
  N° of meals/day 4.2 ± 0.7 4.4 ± 0.7 4.3 4.0 ± 0.9 4.5 ± 0.7 4.3 ± 0.9 4.3 ± 0.5 4.1 ± 0.4 4.1 ± 0.8
Kcal/Kg 22.2 ± 6.7 28.4 ± 8.9 25.7 ± 8.9 20.0 ± 6.3 29.6 ± 8.3 25.7 ± 8.3 24.2 ± 6.5 26.3 ± 2.8 25.1 ± 10.1
Protein/Kg 1.0 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.5 1.0 ± 0.5 0.9 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.5 1.1 ± 0.3 0.9 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.5
Polyphenols (mg) 512.8 ± 163.4 508.7 ± 306.3 513.3 ± 301.2 489.0 ± 225.5 1880.5 ± 414.5 495.6 ± 244.1 577.4 ± 227.1 608.3 ± 168.3 502.6 ± 220.7
Fiber (g) 16.6 ± 8.8 19.4 ± 9.7 14.2 ± 8.8 16.6 ± 7.8 18.9 ± 9.8 15.1 ± 7.8 26.4 ± 10.4 20.7 ± 12.6 20.6 ± 13.7
% Adequation Fiber 66.6 ± 32.0 73.5 ± 40.5 50.9 ± 27.5 66.7 ± 27.2 74.3 ± 47.9 55.0 ± 25.0 98.4 ± 32.6 75.8 ± 46.9 71.2 ± 43.0
Vitamin A 46.6 ± 45.3 73.1 ± 85.3 38.9 ± 52.9 39.2 ± 32.7 61.2 ± 63.1 36.1 ± 37.2 63.9 ± 67.7 28.6 ± 34.1 31.9 ± 40.7
Vitamin B6 47.0 ± 39.2 82.5 ± 96.0 57.0 ± 41.7 43.2 ± 21.8 70.0 ± 44.5 41.9 ± 33.4 26.6 ± 13.6 35.4 ± 19.3 38.3 ± 23.9
Vitamin B12 56.9 ± 62.8 43.5 ± 72.7 17.8 ± 24.7 17.2 ± 16.6 121.6 ± 158.5 149.3 ± 312.9 35.1 ± 29.2 51.8 ± 46.5 54.6 ± 53.4
Vitamin C 202.4 ± 411.9 134.1 ± 153.3 74.5 ± 94.4 99.0 ± 96.0 139.1 ± 137.9 108.9 ± 108.6 170.9 ± 136.5 165.2 ± 141.9 126.8 ± 121.5
Vitamin E 56.6 ± 41.5 98.3 ± 87.8 47.6 ± 38.5 54.9 ± 41.7 73.8 ± 62.4 73.1 ± 48.8 26.5 ± 31.9 44.9 ± 62.6 29.4 ± 29.3
Calcium 33.6 ± 28.1 40.7 ± 15.6 46.2 ± 35.6 35.4 ± 21.5 53.9 ± 29.2 36.7 ± 24.4 44.1 ± 11.9 41.6 ± 16.6 35.3 ± 18.7
Sodium 178.4 ± 69.7 208.0 ± 85.4 188.5 ± 43.3 177.9 ± 55.8 209.2 ± 72.8 194.2 ± 73.5 191.1 ± 49.6 191.2 ± 19.0 193.8 ± 36.0
  1. CG control group, IG1 intervention group 1 (chocolate with 55% cocoa), IG2 intervention group 2 (white chocolate), 24HR 24-h Diet Recall, FFQ Food Frequency Questionnaire, % percentage, n° number, Kcal Kilocalorie, Kg Kilogram, mg miligram, g gram