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Table 5 Score of quality of life domains of older patients with cancer in palliative care

From: Effect of chocolate on older patients with cancer in palliative care: a randomised controlled study

DOMAINS STUDY BASELINE END OF STUDY
Mean ± standard deviation Mean ± standard deviation
CG IG1 IG2 CG IG1 IG2
  n = 15 n = 16 n = 15 n = 15 n = 15 n = 15
Global health status 83.9 ± 16.2 79.7 ± 12.9 75.6 ± 17.1 79.4 ± 23.1 83.3 ± 11.4 82.2 ± 16.3
Functional 83.6 ± 12.4 75.6 ± 17.3 β 82.1 ± 14.2 82.1 ± 13.5 82.7 ± 8.9 83.1 ± 17.0
Physical functioning 84.0 ± 15.3 72.5 ± 19.2 84.9 ± 16.4 84.9 ± 18.4 80.0 ± 18.0 82.7 ± 22.4
Role functioning 94.4 ± 12.1* 60.4 ± 37.5** 82.2 ± 24.8 82.2 ± 29.9 83.3 ± 20.9 88.9 ± 24.1
Emotional functioning 77.8 ± 28.1 82.8 ± 25.4 74.4 ± 23.2 73.9 ± 30.5 78.9 ± 16.9 75.0 ± 27.6
Cognitive functioning 78.9 ± 23.1 86.5 ± 17.5 82.2 ± 24.0 87.8 ± 14.7 90.0 ± 12.3 87.8 ± 18.3
Social functioning 87.8 ± 24.8 72.9 ± 28.5 δ∞ 90.0 ± 18.7 85.6 ± 27.4 88.9 ± 13.6 90.0 ± 16.4
Symptom 9.6 ± 9.5 α 18.3 ± 11.6 14.0 ± 14.4 12.0 ± 12.0 14.9 ± 10.2 12.0 ± 13.5
  1. CG control group, IG1 intervention group 1 (chocolate with 55% cocoa), IG2 intervention group 2 (white chocolate)
  2. * p < 0.01 vs. IG1; ** p = 0.03 vs. IG2; δ p = 0.04 vs. IG2; α p = 0.05 vs. IG1; β p = 0.03 baseline vs. end; p < 0.01 baseline vs. end