Ethics, organization and policy

Section edited by Jan Schildmann

This section considers submissions that focus on the development, outcomes or discussion of ethical issues and policies within the practice of palliative care and medicine.

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  1. Research article

    Which online format is most effective for assisting Baby Boomers to complete advance directives? A randomised controlled trial of email prompting versus online education module

    Completion of Advance Directives (ADs), being financial and healthcare proxy or instructional documents, is relatively uncommon in Australia. Efforts to increase completion rates include online education and p...

    Sandra L. Bradley, Jennifer J. Tieman, Richard J. Woodman and Paddy A. Phillips

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:43

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  2. Study protocol

    Strengthening primary health care teams with palliative care leaders: protocol for a cluster randomized clinical trial

    The objective of the Balearic Islands Palliative Care (PC) Program is to improve the quality of PC through a shared model consisting of primary health care professionals, home-based PC teams, and PC units in h...

    Joan Llobera, Noemí Sansó, Amador Ruiz, Merce Llagostera, Estefania Serratusell, Carlos Serrano, María Luisa Martín Roselló, Enric Benito, Eusebio J. Castaño and Alfonso Leiva

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 17:4

    Published on: 10 July 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:51

  3. Research article

    Health care use and costs at the end of life: a comparison of elderly Australian decedents with and without a cancer history

    There is limited population-level research on end-of-life care in Australia that considers health care use and costs across hospital and community sectors. The aim of this study was to quantify health care use...

    Rebecca Reeve, Preeyaporn Srasuebkul, Julia M. Langton, Marion Haas, Rosalie Viney and Sallie-Anne Pearson

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 17:1

    Published on: 21 June 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:51

  4. Research article

    Integration and activity of hospital-based palliative care consultation teams: the INSIGHT multicentric cohort study

    Hospital-based Palliative Care Consultation Teams (PCCTs) have a consulting role to specialist services at their request. Referral of patients is often late. Early palliative care in oncology has shown its eff...

    Pascale Vinant, Ingrid Joffin, Laure Serresse, Sophie Grabar, Hélène Jaulmes, Malika Daoud, Gabriel Abitbol, Pascale Fouassier, Isabelle Triol, Sylvie Rostaing, Marie-Dominique Brette and Isabelle Colombet

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:36

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Palliative sedation challenging the professional competency of health care providers and staff: a qualitative focus group and personal written narrative study

    Despite recent advances in palliative medicine, sedating a terminally ill patient is regarded as an indispensable treatment to manage unbearable suffering. With the prospect of widespread use of palliative sed...

    Danièle Leboul, Régis Aubry, Jean-Michel Peter, Victor Royer, Jean-François Richard and Frédéric Guirimand

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:25

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Measuring geographical accessibility to palliative and end of life (PEoLC) related facilities: a comparative study in an area with well-developed specialist palliative care (SPC) provision

    Geographical accessibility is important in accessing healthcare services. Measuring it has evolved alongside technological and data analysis advances. High correlations between different methods have been dete...

    Clare Pearson, Julia Verne, Claudia Wells, Giovanna M. Polato, Irene J Higginson and Wei Gao

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:14

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Limiting treatment and shortening of life: data from a cross-sectional survey in Germany on frequencies, determinants and patients’ involvement

    Limiting treatment forms part of practice in many fields of medicine. There is a scarcity of robust data from Germany. Therefore, in this paper, we report results of a survey among German physicians with a foc...

    Birte Malena Dahmen, Jochen Vollmann, Stephan Nadolny and Jan Schildmann

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:3

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  8. Research article

    Evaluation of a pilot of nurse practitioner led, GP supported rural palliative care provision

    Providing end of life care in rural areas is challenging. We evaluated in a pilot whether nurse practitioner (NP)-led care, including clinical care plans negotiated with involved health professionals including...

    Geoffrey Keith Mitchell, Hugh Edgar Senior, Michael Peter Bibo, Blessing Makoni, Sharleen Nicole Young, John Patrick Rosenberg and Patsy Yates

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:93

    Published on: 9 November 2016

  9. Research article

    Using linked administrative and disease-specific databases to study end-of-life care on a population level

    The use of full-population databases is under-explored to study the use, quality and costs of end-of-life care. Using the case of Belgium, we explored: (1) which full-population databases provide valid informa...

    Arno Maetens, Robrecht De Schreye, Kristof Faes, Dirk Houttekier, Luc Deliens, Birgit Gielen, Cindy De Gendt, Patrick Lusyne, Lieven Annemans and Joachim Cohen

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:86

    Published on: 18 October 2016

  10. Research article

    Dying among older adults in Switzerland: who dies in hospital, who dies in a nursing home?

    Institutional deaths (hospitals and nursing homes) are an important issue because they are often at odds with patient preference and associated with high healthcare costs. The aim of this study was to examine ...

    Xhyljeta Luta, Radoslaw Panczak, Maud Maessen, Matthias Egger, David C. Goodman, Marcel Zwahlen, Andreas E. Stuck and Kerri Clough - Gorr

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:83

    Published on: 23 September 2016

  11. Research article

    Patients’ perception of types of errors in palliative care – results from a qualitative interview study

    Medical errors have been recognized as a relevant public health concern and research efforts to improve patient safety have increased. In palliative care, however, studies on errors are rare and mainly focus o...

    Isabel Kiesewetter, Christian Schulz, Claudia Bausewein, Rita Fountain and Andrea Schmitz

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:75

    Published on: 11 August 2016

  12. Research article

    The ‘problematisation’ of palliative care in hospital: an exploratory review of international palliative care policy in five countries

    Government policy is a fundamental component of initiating change to improve the provision of palliative care at a national level. The World Health Organisation’s recognition of palliative care as a basic huma...

    Jackie Robinson, Merryn Gott, Clare Gardiner and Christine Ingleton

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:64

    Published on: 25 July 2016

  13. Study protocol

    Protocol for the End-of-Life Social Action Study (ELSA): a randomised wait-list controlled trial and embedded qualitative case study evaluation assessing the causal impact of social action befriending services on end of life experience

    Compassionate support at the end of life should not be the responsibility of health and social care professionals alone and requires a response from the wider community. Volunteers, as community members, are a...

    Catherine Walshe, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Steven Dodd, Matthew Hill, Nick Ockenden, Sheila Payne and Nancy Preston

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:60

    Published on: 13 July 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:98

  14. Research article

    Sedation at the end of life - a nation-wide study in palliative care units in Austria

    Sedation is used to an increasing extent in end-of-life care. Definitions and indications in this field are based on expert opinions and case series. Little is known about this practice at palliative care unit...

    Sophie Schur, Dietmar Weixler, Christoph Gabl, Gudrun Kreye, Rudolf Likar, Eva Katharina Masel, Michael Mayrhofer, Franz Reiner, Barbara Schmidmayr, Kathrin Kirchheiner and Herbert Hans Watzke

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:50

    Published on: 14 May 2016

  15. Research article

    The characteristics of patients who discontinue their dying process – an observational study at a single university hospital centre

    End-of-life integrated care plans are used as structuring tools for the care of the dying. A widely adopted example is the Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient (LCP). Recently, several concerns were ra...

    Christian Schulz, Daniel Schlieper, Christiane Altreuther, Manuela Schallenburger, Katharina Fetz and Andrea Schmitz

    BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:72

    Published on: 7 December 2015

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