Skip to main content

Table 3 Themes, sub-themes and categories

From: The experience of palliative patients and their families of a family meeting utilised as an instrument for spiritual and psychosocial care: A qualitative study

Theme Sub-themes Category/Spiritual Category/Psychosocial
Personal experience of the meeting The experience of speaking experience of review (meaning/purpose) experience of being open (deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) topics covered/inhibitors to openness/experience of being open/value of speaking in group (communication, social well-being)
  How they felt   perceived feelings/getting realistic (emotional wellbeing)
  New understandings of self/family members/family unit (deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) of self/family members/family unit (communication, social well-being)
Personal outcomes Freedom to speak said things would not have said/freer (deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) said things would not have said/freer (communication)
  Personal changes specific changes eg faith, closure past hurts & guilt (relationship to higher power, meaning) Talking more openly with a child (communication)
  Make a contribution help research/other families/self/own family (finding meaning & purpose)  
Observations of others' experience Openness conservative but loosened up/courage to be open/as open as they could be (for some deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) conservative but loosened up/courage to be open/as open as they could be (communication & social well-being)
  Feelings   comfortable/emotional/painful (emotional well-being)
  New understanding they understand better/learnt a lot (for some deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) they understand better/learnt a lot (social well-being)
  Other comment   definite benefit/initially sceptical (social well-being)
Observations of experience & out-comes for family unit Impact on speaking together in future reminded of the value of speaking more openly (for some deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) reminded of the value of this/broke the ice/sense of achievement/no change (social well-being)
  Impact on relationships new ways of being together/new awareness/understanding (for some deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) strengthened family bond/new ways of being together/new awareness/understanding/reunion (social well-being)
  Impact on feelings   more comfortable together/overall felt better (emotional well-being)
  Impact on grieving process may make it easier/give a different focus (meaning) may make it easier/give a different focus (emotional well-being)
Meeting facilitation Experience of facilitation   how they felt about it/impact of facilitation (social & emotional well-being)
  Qualities needed for facilitation general qualities/handling problems/'outsider' (for some deepening of relationship which goes beyond social engagement) general qualities/handling problems/'outsider' (social & emotional well-being)
How it could have been different Who was present Number/other family members/children (potential impact) Number/other family members/children (potential impact)
  More meetings Yes/doubtful (potential impact) Yes/doubtful (potential impact)
  Meeting timing Earlier/later/just right (potential impact) Earlier/later/just right (potential impact)
  Needs not met by meeting Need to talk 1 on 1/things couldn't say at meeting (potential impact) Need to talk 1 on 1/things couldn't say at meeting (potential impact)
  Other meeting aspects Place/style/hear more from others (potential impact) Place/style/hear more from others (potential impact)
General applicability of the family meeting Who would benefit everyone/only in special circumstances/not for all (potential impact) everyone/only in special circumstances/not for all (potential impact)
  Promoting it general comments/specific means (potential impact) general comments/specific means (potential impact)