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Table 2 Univariate analysis of possible predictors of early transition to palliative care

From: Dysphagia as a predictor of outcome and transition to palliative care among middle cerebral artery ischemic stroke patients

Variable All patients (n = 237) Patients transitioned to palliative level of care (n = 80) Patients not transitioned to palliative level of care (n = 157) p- value
Location     .001
Left MCA n (%) 129 (55%) 55 (70%) 74 (47%)  
Right MCA n (%) 107 (45%) 24 (30%) 83 (53%)  
Admit NIHSS score     <.001
     <.001
0–6 n (%) 28 (12%) 4 (5%) 24 (15%)  
7–15 n (%) 69 (30%) 14 (18%) 55 (35%)  
16 and higher n (%) 136 (58%) 58 (76%) 78 (50%)  
Median (IQR*) 17 (10,20) 19 (16, 23) 15 (8,19)  
Intraarterial tPA n (%) 44(19%) 30 (38%) 14 (9%) <.001
Intravenous tPA n (%) 89 (38%) 30 (38%) 59 (38%) .953
Use of Device (n = 26) 26 (11%) 7 (9%) 19 (12%) .453
Day of Week     .001
Weekend n (%) 81 (34%) 16 (20%) 65 (41%)  
Weekday n (%)) 155 (66%) 63 (80%) 92 (59%)  
Ability to be assessed on 1st swallow evaluation     <.001
Can n (%) 135 (57%) 14 (18%) 121 (77%)  
Cannot n (%) 101 (43%) 65 (82%) 36 (23%)  
  1. *MCA- middle cerebral artery, NIHSS – national institutes of health stroke scale, IQR = interquartile range, tPA- tissue plasminogen activator.