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Table 1 Predisposing characteristics: descriptive characteristics of clients with at least one emergency department visits or hospitalizations (n = 764)

From: Predictors of emergency room visits or acute hospital admissions prior to death among hospice palliative care clients in Ontario: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Sample % (n) Rate of ERVH % (n) p value Unadjusted 95% Confidence interval
Odds ratio
Significant variables (based on p value)
Wish to die at home 1      
No 70.5 (539) 59.7 (322) p < .01 1  
Yes 29.4 (225) 34.2 (77) 0.35 0.25-0.48
Advance directives 2
No 47.8 (365) 66.6 (243) p < .01 1  
Yes 52.2 (399) 39.1 (156) 0.32 0.24-0.43
Marital status
Single 48.2 (368) 46.1 (182) 0.0006 1  
Married 51.8 (396) 58.7 (216) 1.65 1.24-2.20
Age
Aged <75 60.4 (465) 56.5 (263) 0.003 1  
Aged 75+ 31.6 (215) 45.5 (136) 0.64 0.48-0.86
Not significant variables (based on p value)
Finds guidance in religion or spirituality 3
No 51.6 (370) 51.9 (186) 0.29 1  
Yes 48.4 (394) 54.1 (213) 1.16 0.88-1.55
Sex
Male 52.8 (401) 53.9 (216) 0.45 1  
Female 47.2 (358) 50.9 (182) 0.92 0.69-1.22
  1. Note: Odds ratio = 1 indicates reference group.
  2. 1Response obtained from client at time of assessment.
  3. 2Includes do not resuscitate, do not intubate, do not hospitalize, do not send to emergency department, do not tube feeding, and medication restriction.
  4. 3Person finds inspiration and support from religious activities, materials, and/or leaders.
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