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Table 5 Logistic regression model for emergency department visits or hospitalizations

From: Predictors of emergency room visits or acute hospital admissions prior to death among hospice palliative care clients in Ontario: a retrospective cohort study

Independent variable Predisposing only Enabling only Need only All
Model 1 Model 2
  P.E. Odds ratio P.E. Odds ratio P.E. Odds ratio P.E. Odds ratio P.E. Odds ratio
(S.E.) (95% CI) (S.E.) (95% CI) (S.E.) (95% CI) (S.E.) (95% CI) (S.E.) (95% CI)
Predisposing           
Married 0.47 1.61      0.55 1.74 0.55 1.74
(0.15) (1.19-2.18)      (0.17) (1.25-2.41) (0.17) (1.25-2.41)
Wish to die at −0.84 0.43      −0.61 0.54 −0.61 0.54
Home (0.17) (0.31-0.61)      (0.19) (0.37-0.79) (0.19) (0.37-0.79)
Any advance −0.96 0.38      −0.94 0.39 −0.93 0.39
Directives present (0.15) (0.28-0.52)      (0.17) (0.27-0.55) (0.17) (0.28-0.55)
Enabling           
Caregiver    −0.59 0.55    −0.69 0.50 −0.67 0.53
Distressed    (0.20) (0.37-0.82)    (0.23) (0.32-0.79) (0.23) (0.38-0.74)
Client’s cost of    −0.50 0.61    −0.60 0.55 −0.64 0.55
Care > Median    (0.15) (0.45-0.81)    (0.17) (0.39-0.76) (0.17) (0.39-0.76)
Need           
Hospitalization in      −0.43 0.65 −0.55 0.57 −0.51 0.60
Last 90 days      (0.21) (0.46-0.91) (0.18) (0.40-0.82) (0.18) (0.41-0.86)
Believes physical      0.55 1.73 0.37 1.45 0.38 1.46
Function can improve      (0.20) (1.18-2.55) (0.21) (0.96-2.10) (0.21) (0.97-2.21)
Bladder/bowel      −0.63 0.53 −0.39 0.68 −0.46 0.63
Incontinence      (0.19) (0.37-0.77) (0.20) (0.46-1.01) (0.20) (0.43-0.94)
Swallowing      −0.58 0.56 −0.50 0.61 −0.52 0.59
Difficulties      (0.18) (0.39-0.80) (0.18) (0.41-0.89) (0.19) (0.40-0.86)
Dizziness      −0.33 0.72 −0.45 0.64 −0.41 0.66
      (0.17) (0.51-1.00) (0.18) (0.45-0.91) (0.18) (0.46-0.94)
Peripheral edema      −0.31 0.74     
      (0.17) (0.51-1.03)     
Any cognitive      −0.63 0.53 −0.63 0.53 −0.65 0.52
Impairment (incl delirium)      (0.19) (0.37-0.77) (0.20) (0.36-0.79) (0.20) (0.35-0.77)
Prior pneumonia      0.57 1.77     
      (0.32) (0.94-3.33)     
Prior urinary tract      0.98 2.66 0.96 2.62 0.89 2.45
Infection      (0.41) (1.19-5.96) (0.42) (1.16-3.96) (0.31) (1.06-5.62)
ADLH 1+      −0.44 0.66 −0.34 0.71   
      (0.17) (0.47-0.92) (0.18) (0.50-1.01)   
CHESS 3+      −0.39 0.65    −0.36 0.70
      (0.17) (0.47-0.91)    (0.17) (0.50-0.99)
C Statistic 0.69 0.67 0.58 0.71 0.77
  1. Note: P.E = parameter estimate, S.E. = standard error, CI = confidence interval.