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Table 3 Odds of receiving a home visit by income and other characteristics for Nova Scotia overall and by region

From: Home visits by family physicians during the end-of-life: Does patient income or residence play a role?

Predictor Nova Scotia overall Halifax Regional Municipality [HRM] All regions outside of HRM
  Crude OR Adjusted* OR (and 95% CI) Adjusted* OR (and 95% CI) Adjusted* OR (and 95% CI)
Neighbourhood income quintile     
Low 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
Lower middle 1.07 1.04 (0.90, 1.21) 1.42 (0.99, 2.03) 0.98 (0.84, 1.16)
Middle 1.42 1.33 (1.15, 1.54) 1.40 (1.00, 1.94) 1.30 (1.10, 1.53)
Upper middle 1.36 1.19 (1.02, 1.39) 1.21 (0.90, 1.64) 1.20 (0.99, 1.44)
Upper 1.82 1.37 (1.15, 1.64) 1.18 (0.88, 1.56) 2.23 (1.63, 3.07)
Survival time     
<61 days 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
61–120 days 3.66 3.83 (3.08, 4.77) 3.91 (2.62, 5.82) 3.69 (2.81, 4.84)
121–180+ days 3.61 4.04 (3.45, 4.72) 3.64 (2.76, 4.81) 4.21 (3.47, 5.11)
Admission to palliative care program     
No 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
Yes 2.30 2.25 (1.97, 2.56) 3.05 (2.49, 3.74) 1.47 (1.15, 1.86)
Visit within a long term care center (LTC)     
None 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
At least one LTC visit 0.65 0.55 (0.46, 0.65) 0.47 (0.34, 0.64) 0.60 (0.48, 0.75)
Age group     
< 65 years 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
65–74 years 1.06 1.25 (1.09, 1.44) 1.24 (0.97, 1.59) 1.28 (1.08, 1.51)
75+ years 1.04 1.41 (1.24, 1.61) 1.94 (1.52, 2.49) 1.29 (1.09, 1.51)
Total days as a hospital inpatient     
0 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
1–12 1.0 1.06 (0.90, 1.26) 1.02 (0.76, 1.37) 1.07 (0.87, 1.30)
13–31 1.14 1.07 (0.91, 1.27) 1.04 (0.77, 1.40) 1.08 (0.87, 1.32)
32+ 0.94 0.80 (0.67, 0.95) 0.87 (0.64, 1.20) 0.78 (0.63, 0.97)
Year of death     
1992 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
1993 1.06 1.05 (0.88, 1.25) 1.07 (0.78, 1.48) 1.02 (0.82, 1.27)
1994 1.16 1.17 (0.98, 1.40) 1.13 (0.81, 1.57) 1.16 (0.94, 1.43)
1995 1.19 1.10 (0.92, 1.31) 0.88 (0.63, 1.22) 1.18 (0.95, 1.45)
1996 1.07 0.94 (0.79, 1.13) 0.76 (0.55, 1.05) 1.02 (0.83, 1.27)
1997 0.93 0.82 (0.69, 0.98) 0.80 (0.57, 1.11) 0.82 (0.66, 1.01)
Sex     
Male 1.0 1.0 1.0 (-) 1.0 (-)
Female 1.22 1.15 (1.04, 1.28) 1.24 (1.03, 1.50) 1.11 (0.98, 1.25)
  1. Note: OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval
  2. *Adjusted for all other listed predictors