Skip to main content

Table 3 Distribution of health-related variables for persons who used a professional home care service (n = 355) and the whole sample of answered questionnaires (n = 1378) of the EPACS study

From: End-of-life care in Germany: Study design, methods and first results of the EPACS study (Establishment of Hospice and Palliative Care Services in Germany)

  Used professional home care Answered questionnaires
  n % n %
Proceeding, incurable, lethal disease     
   Yes 319 89.9 998 72.4
   No 30 8.5 351 25.5
   Missing 6 1.7 29 2.1
Type of diseasea     
   Cancer 112 (175) 31.6 (49.3) 334 (537) 24.2 (39.0)
   Dementia 35 (99) 9.9 (27.9) 122 (310) 8.9 (22.5)
   Cardiovascular diseases 18 (114) 5.1 (32.1) 115 (424) 8.4 (30.8)
   Other 32 (146) 8.9 (41.1) 166 (554) 12.0 (40.2)
   Multimorbidity (e.g. Cancer + Dementia + CVD) 151 42.5 504 36.6
   Missing/I don't know 7 2.0 137 9.9
Place of death     
   At home 229 64.5 526 38.2
   In a hospital 92 25.9 541 39.3
   In a palliative care facility 23 6.5 103 7.5
   In a nursing home 11 3.1 185 13.4
   Elsewhere 0 0.0 22 1.6
   Missing 0 0.0 1 0.1
Duration of home care     
   No home care 0 0.0 574 41.7
   < 1 week 59 16.6 59 4.3
   1 - < 2 weeks 42 11.8 42 3.1
   2 - < 3 weeks 30 8.5 30 2.2
   3 - 4 weeks 224 63.1 224 16.3
   Missing/I don't know 0 0.0 449 32.6
  1. aMultiple answers were permitted regarding the underlying disease. The figures outside the brackets show the number/percentage of people having suffered only from the aforementioned particular disease. Persons having suffered from more than one disease prior to death were assigned to the category "multimorbidity". In contrast, the figures in brackets show the number/percentage of people having suffered from the aforementioned disease and potentially from one or more additional diseases. In this regard, the percentage values in brackets always refer to the total number of people (i.e. 355 or 1378 respectively) and are not to be interpreted as column percentages.