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Table 3 Studies that explored perspectives of compassion

From: Compassion: a scoping review of the healthcare literature

Study Country Participants Design Setting
Students, teachers
Bray et al. [50] UK Health professionals, students (survey, n = 352; interview, n = 14) Mixed methods University
Burack et al. [69] US Four ward teams (n = 23) Mixed methods Inpatient internal medicine
Curtis [76] UK Nursing teachers (n = 5) Qualitative University
Curtis et al. [78] UK Nursing students (n = 19), nursing teachers (n = 5) Qualitative University
Horsburgh, Ross [51] UK New qualified staff nurses (n = 42) Qualitative Various
Roberts et al. [66] US Second and third-year medical residents (n = 155) Survey University
Smith et al. [77] UK Nurse lecturers (n = 8) Qualitative University
Wear, Zarconi [67] US 4th-year medical students (n = 52) Qualitative University
Patients, caregivers
Badger, Royse [63] US Adult burn survivors (n = 31) Qualitative Burns
Bramley, Matiti [49] UK Patients (n = 10) Qualitative Hospital
Burnell, Agan [74] US Patients (pilot study, n = 110; full, n = 250) Survey design Hospital
Crowther et al. [62] UK Bereaved informal carers of people with dementia (n = 40) Qualitative Hospital, long-term care
Lloyd, Carson [64] UK Mental health consumers (n = 30) Qualitative Mental health
Patients, caregivers, clinicians
Dewar, Nolan [72] UK Clinicians (n = 35), patients (n = 10), families (n = 12) Qualitative Hospital
Dewar, Mackay [79] UK Clinicians (n = 35), patients (n = 10), families (n = 12) Qualitative Hospital
Kret [65] US Patients (n = 100), nurses (n = 100) Mixed methods Medical-surgical
Lown et al. [58] US Patients (n = 800), physicians (n = 510) Survey National
Skaff et al. [60] US Physician assistants (n = 17); patients (n = 123-150) Survey Hospital
van der Cingel [48] NL Patients (n = 31), nurses (n = 30) Qualitative Long-term care
Clinicians
Alexander et al. [93] US Palliative care team (n = 15) Mixed methods Palliative care
Armstrong et al. [56] UK Psychiatric nurses (n = 26) Delphi study Psychiatry
Brown et al. [55] UK Mental healthcare practitioners (n = 20) Qualitative Mental health
Cameron et al. [59] US Oncologists (n = 17) Qualitative Oncology
Crawford et al. [54] UK Acute mental health practitioners (n = 20) Mixed method Mental health
Dhawan et al. [80] US Physicians (n = 42 correctional, n = 36 non-correctional) Survey Corrections
Fernando, Consedine [71] PH Physicians (n = 372; n = 75 pilot) Survey design Various
Fry et al. [75] AU Emergency clinical initiative nurses (n = 16) Qualitative Emergency
Graber, Mitcham [68] US Hospital clinicians (n = 24) Qualitative Hospital
Hem, Heggen [73] NO Psychiatric nurses (n = 6) Qualitative Psychiatry
Kvangarsnes et al. [70] NO Intensive-care unit nurses (n = 17) Qualitative Intensive care
Perry [61] CA Registered nurses and licensed practical nurses (n = 7) Qualitative Long-term care
Sanghavi [57] US Hospital staff Mixed methods Hospitals
Vivino et al. [53] US Licensed psychotherapists (n = 14) Qualitative Mental health
Way, Tracy [52] US Hospice team (n = 96) Qualitative Hospice