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Table 3 Current situation and ideal situation regarding nurses’ self-management support in the case of advanced cancer

From: Self-management support and eHealth for patients and informal caregivers confronted with advanced cancer: an online focus group study among nurses

5 A’s Current situation Ideal situation
  Self-management support for patients Self-management support for informal caregivers Self-management support for patients Self-management support for informal caregivers
Assess Obtaining an understanding of the patient’s background, personal situation, wishes, and needs by initiating a discussion, enabling an open discussion about topics, actively asking follow-up questions, listening -a More time In general: More attention
Advise Giving information and guidance, advising, listening, and referring the person to other disciplines or organizations Giving information and guidance, advising, listening -a
Agree Jointly setting goals, letting patients prioritize symptoms themselves -a -a
Assist Mapping barriers and strategies applied in the past, giving practical tips -a -a
Arrange Continuity of care -a In general: Better cooperation between intramural and extramural healthcare
Throughout all 5 A’s   More attention to self-management support in the home situation
  1. a no information from online focus groups that relates to the ‘A’ in question