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Table 3 Trends in do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order and hospice care utilization variables: 2010 to 2015

From: Differences in do-not-resuscitate orders, hospice care utilization, and late referral to hospice care between cancer and non-cancer decedents in a tertiary Hospital in Taiwan between 2010 and 2015: a hospital-based observational study

Characteristics Total 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 p for trend
DNR by disease, n (%)
 Cancer         0.229
 No 347(5.1) 68(6.1) 59(5.3) 37(3.4) 47(4.0) 45(3.9) 91(8.3)  
 Yes 6399(94.9) 1042(93.9) 1044(94.7) 1051(96.6) 1133(96.0) 1120(96.1) 1009(91.7)  
Non-cancer         < 0.001
  No 454(26.5) 114(45.1) 83(27.8) 62(22.1) 55(19.9) 57(18.6) 83(27.9)  
  Yes 1259(73.5) 139(54.9) 216(72.2) 219(77.9) 222(80.1) 249(81.4) 214(72.1)  
Hospice care utilization by disease, n (%)
 Cancer         < 0.001
  No 3016(44.7) 574(51.7) 545(49.4) 479(44.0) 501(42.5) 491(42.1) 426(38.7)  
  Yes 3730(55.3) 536(48.3) 558(50.6) 609(56.0) 679(57.5) 674(57.9) 674(61.3)  
Non-cancer         < 0.001
  No 1512(88.3) 243(96.0) 274(91.6) 256(91.1) 250(90.3) 259(84.6) 230(77.4)  
  Yes 201(11.7) 10(4.0) 25(8.4) 25(8.9) 27(9.7) 47(15.4) 67(22.6)  
Number of living days after DNR order, median (IQR)
 Cancer 7(18) 6(14) 7(17) 7(20) 8(20) 8(20) 9(19) 0.001
Non-cancer 9(27) 7(28) 8(23) 11(38) 8(22) 10(24) 11(31) 0.029
Length of hospice enrollment in days, median (IQR)
 Cancer 13(26) 13(27) 16(31) 14(28) 14(27) 12(25) 11(20) 0.069
Non-cancer 7(13) 14.5(158) 11(23) 7(31) 7(9) 6(16) 5(11) 0.134
Late referral, %
 Cancer 33.9 32.2 27.9 31.9 35.0 35.7 39.2 < 0.001
Non-cancer 53.2 30.0 48.0 52.0 51.9 55.3 58.2 0.144
  1. Abbreviations: IQR Interquartile range
  2. P for trend: DNR, hospice utilization, and late referral trend analyses were conducted using the non-parametric Jonckheere–Terpstra test; analysis of variance was performed to test for linear trends in number of living days after DNR order and length of hospice enrollment