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Table 2 Pre/post survey responses for all PGY

From: Palliative care in the emergency department: an educational investigation and intervention

Question Pre-sim median (IQR) Post-sim median (IQR) Median difference (95% CI) P-value
1) The role of the emergency medicine physician in palliative care is important. 71.5 (59–80) 76 (68–89.5) +  7.5 (3.5–11) 0.0003
2) If I suspect a high risk of morbidity and/or mortality during an emergency department encounter, how often do I have this discussion with my patient? 53.5 (46–74) 66 (48–81) +  3 (− 0.5–8.5) 0.0792
3) I feel confident in my understanding of palliative care. 65.0 (49.5–77) 68.5 (56.5–80.5) +  4 (− 1–11) 0.1265
4) I feel confident in my ability to determine a patient’s decision-making capacity. 63.5 (41.5–74) 68.5 (57–78.5) +  7 (2.5–12) 0.0005
5) I feel confident with initiating palliative care discussions and treatment in the emergency department. 59.5 (46–69.5) 72 (63–77) +  11 (5.5–17) <  0.0001
6) Palliative care education is an important component to my residency training. 67 (61–78) 75 (68.5–86) +  6.5 (2.5–10.5) 0.0013
7) Simulation is an effective educational tool to learn palliative care skills. 54 (48–77) 74.5 (57.5–86) +  9.5 (5–14) <  0.0001
  1. PGY post-graduate year, IQR interquartile range, CI confidence interval