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Table 1 Distribution of sociodemographic factors and municipal healthcare services by place of death in Norway 2012–2013.*

From: Comparing unplanned and potentially planned home deaths: a population-based cross-sectional study

  Place of death
Home Nursing home Hospital Othera Total
n % n % n % n % n %
All 12,156 100 39,345 100 26,962 100 2445 100 80,908 100
Sex
 Female 5175 42.6 23,904 60.8 12,613 46.8 598 24.5 42,290 52.3
 Male 6981 57.4 15,441 39.2 14,349 53.2 1847 75.5 38,618 47.7
Age (years)
 0–39 549 4.5 70 0.2 796 3.0 426 17.4 1841 2.3
 40–49 550 4.5 191 0.5 724 2.7 263 10.8 1728 2.1
 50–59 1249 10.3 776 2.0 1877 7.0 389 15.9 4291 5.3
 60–69 2381 19.6 2477 6.3 4553 16.9 564 23.1 9975 12.3
 70–79 2538 20.9 5917 15.0 6212 23.0 386 15.8 15,053 18.6
 80–89 3293 27.1 16,595 42.2 9134 33.9 338 13.8 29,360 36.3
 90+ 1596 13.1 13,319 33.9 3666 13.6 79 3.2 18,660 23.1
Cause of death
 Infectious/parasitic 1077 8.9 3562 9.1 2131 7.9 264 10.8 7034 8.7
 Cancer 2648 21.8 10,728 27.3 8431 31.3 106 4.3 21,913 27.1
 Dementia 274 2.3 4951 12.6 211 0.8 11 0.5 5447 6.7
 Circulatory 4244 34.9 11,341 28.8 8692 32.2 727 29.7 25,004 30.9
 Respiratory 952 7.8 4078 10.4 3117 11.6 65 2.7 8212 10.2
 Symptoms/signs/ill-defined 603 5.0 343 0.9 39 0.1 340 13.9 1325 1.6
 External causes 754 6.2 416 1.1 788 2.9 657 26.9 2615 3.2
 Other 1604 13.2 3926 10.0 3553 13.2 275 11.2 9358 11.6
Household
 Cohabiting 3231 26.6 21,727 55.2 8692 32.2 240 9.8 33,890 41.9
 Living alone 4038 33.2 15,341 39.0 8825 32.7 336 13.7 28,540 35.3
Missingb 4887 40.2 2277 5.8 9445 35.0 1869 76.4 18,478 22.8
Municipality population
 0–2000 425 3.5 1472 3.7 767 2.8 123 5.0 2787 3.4
 2001–5000 1460 12.0 4733 12.0 2508 9.3 271 11.1 8972 11.1
 5001–10,000 1795 14.8 5579 14.2 3381 12.5 354 14.5 11,109 13.7
 10,001–50,000 4840 39.8 14,844 37.7 10,504 39.0 903 36.9 31,091 38.4
 50,001- 3603 29.6 12,632 32.1 9683 35.9 746 30.5 26,664 33.0
 Missingb 33 0.3 85 0.2 119 0.4 48 2.0 285 0.4
Municipality centralityc
 Least central 1531 12.6 5129 13.0 2850 10.6 346 14.2 9856 12.2
 Less central 858 7.1 2664 6.8 1859 6.9 201 8.2 5582 6.9
 Somewhat central 2431 20.0 7651 19.4 4954 18.4 393 16.1 15,429 19.1
 Central 7303 60.1 23,816 60.5 17,180 63.7 1457 59.6 49,756 61.5
 Missingb 33 0.3 85 0.2 119 0.4 48 2.0 285 0.4
Nursing homed
 Yes 1448 11.9 39,945 100.0 7945 29.5 139 5.7 48,877 60.4
 No 10,708 88.1 0 0.0 19,017 70.5 2306 94.3 32,031 39.6
Domiciliary cared
 Yes 7055 58.0 16,455 41.8 15,456 57.3 479 19.6 39,445 48.8
 No 5101 42.0 22,890 58.2 11,506 42.7 1966 80.4 41,463 51.2
  1. *Pearson chi-square test: p < 0.001 for all categories
  2. aOther place of death includes abroad, under transportation to hospital, other specified
  3. bNot included in statistical analysis
  4. cClassification based on geographical distance to centre with higher functions
  5. dService any time in the period 0–90 days before death