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Table 1 Characteristics of deceased persons with dementia aged 65 or over, stratified by place of death

From: Place of death in patients with dementia and the association with comorbidities: a retrospective population-based observational study in Germany

  Overall
(n = 1646)
Home
(n = 327)
Hospital
(n = 473)
Palliative care unit
(n = 6)
Retirement or nursing home
(n = 815)
Hospice
(n = 14)
No details
(n = 11)
% n % n % n % n % n % n % n
Women 67.3 1108 64.5 211 55.4* 262 83.3 5 75.6* 616 42.9 6 72.7 8
Men 32.7 538 35.5 116 44.6* 211 16.7 1 24.4* 199 57.1 8 27.3 3
Age (mean / SD) 86.3 ± 6.9 85.8 ± 6.8 84.2* ± 6.5 81.5 ± 7.4 87.8* ± 6.8 81.1 ± 6.7 84.5 ± 5.4
Age (median, 0.5 quantile) 86.7 86.4 84.6 84.9 88.2 81.9 83.9
Age (0.25 quantile) 82.0 81.7 80.1 74.5 83.6 79.3 80.7
Age (0.75 quantile) 90.7 90.4 88.9 86.7 92.0 85.5 86.7
Age, women (mean / SD) 87.7 ± 6.6 87.2 ± 6.6 85.8 ± 6.4 80.7 ± 7.9 88.8* ± 6.4 82.6* ± 2.4 84.7 ± 6.3
Age, men (mean / SD) 83.3 ± 6.5 83.4 ± 6.4 82.1 ± 6.0 85.5 ± 0 84.7 ± 6.8 80.0 ± 8.7 84.1 ± 2.9
Pneumonia 25.2 415 19.3 63 39.1* 185 0 0 19.9 162 28.6 4 9.1 1
Aspiration 10.0 164 9.5 31 15.6* 74 0 0 7.1 58 7.1 1 0 0
Sepsis 5.7 93 1.2 4 14.4* 68 0 0 2.3 19 7.1 1 9.1 1
Cardiac failure 43.6 718 45.9 150 44.2 209 50.0 3 42.8 349 14.3 2 45.5 5
Myocardial infarction 4.8 79 4.6 15 7.2 34 0 0 3.7 30 0 0 0 0
ICB and/or cerebral stroke 13.0 214 13.1 43 10.8 51 16.7 1 14.2 116 14.3 2 9.1 1
Malignant tumour 13.4 220 12.8 42 13.3 63 33.3 2 12.3 100 71.4* 10 27.3 3
COPD 6.1 100 5.8 19 7.6 36 16.7 1 5.2 42 7.1 1 9.1 1
Renal failure 15.4 253 12.5 41 19.7* 93 33.3 2 14.4 117 0 0 0 0
Parkinson’s disease 9.4 154 8.0 26 11.4 54 16.7 1 9.0 73 0 0 0 0
Comorbidity (mean) 1.5 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 0.9 1.8 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 0.8 1.3 ± 0.9 1.5 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8
0 Comorbidity 14.9 245 16.8 55 5.9* 28 0.0 0 19.6 160 0.0 0 18.2 2
1 Comorbidity 40.6 669 45.3 148 33.4* 158 50.0 3 42.3 345 57.1 8 63.6 7
2 Comorbidities 31.1 512 27.8 91 39.1* 185 33.3 2 28.0 228 35.7 5 9.1 1
3 Comorbidities 10.6 175 8.6 28 15.9* 75 16.7 1 8.5 69 7.1 1 9.1 1
4 Comorbidities 2.2 36 1.5 5 4.9* 23 0.0 0 1.0 8 0.0 0 0.0 0
≥ 5 Comorbidities 0.5 9 0.0 0 0.8 4 0.0 0 0.6 5 0.0 0 0.0 0
  1. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ICB intracerebral bleeding, SD standard deviation
  2. *Specific place of death vs. place of death “at home” (chi-squared test) P < 0.01