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Table 3 Information needs, benefits, and barriers of the “do not resuscitate” discussion

From: Allow natural death versus do-not-resuscitate: titles, information contents, outcomes, and the considerations related to do-not-resuscitate decision

  N (%)
Information needs
 Remaining life period 396 (75.57)
 The prognosis of the disease 390 (74.43)
 Future symptoms 371 (70.80)
 Hospice and palliative care 354 (67.56)
 The diagnosis of the disease 349 (66.60)
 CPR procedure 335 (63.93)
 Cannot continue curative treatments 292 (55.73)
 Dying symptoms and death situation 192 (36.64)
 Artificial nutrition 162 (30.92)
 New clinical trial 149 (28.44)
 Other physicians and hospitals (second opinion) 77 (14.969)
Important factors related to the DNR decision
 The consequence of the CPR procedure 466 (88.93)
 Patients’ willingness, such as whether they have expressed an opinion about DNR 464 (88.55)
 Patients’ current physical conditions, such as pain, uncomfortable symptoms, and suffering 458 (87.40)
 Suffering when receiving CPR 450 (85.88)
 Still have other curative treatments, such as operations or medicine 440 (83.97)
 The diagnosis of the disease 438 (83.59)
 Patients’ age 432 (82.44)
 Future care task, such as taking patients to the hospital and care 406 (77.48)
 Future care expenditure 387 (73.85)
 Other families’ opinions about DNR 281 (53.63)
Benefits of the DNR discussion
 Reduction of suffering 382 (72.90)
 Arrangement of medical care as wished 380 (72.52)
 Reduction of families’ burden 371 (70.80)
 Arrangement of funeral as wished 304 (58.02)
 Arrangement of property as wished 214 (40.84)
Barriers that stopped you wanting to discuss DNR
 Families’ worries 267 (50.95)
 Uncertainty about future physical changes 245 (46.76)
 No one to discuss it with 80 (15.27)
 Families’ opinions 64 (12.21)
 Worries that physicians gave up treatment 58 (11.07)
 Families can understand my ideas without discussion 57 (10.88)
 Taboo of death 40 (7.63)
Barriers to the DNR discussion with your family member with advanced disease
 Worry that they cannot handle the topic 307 (58.59)
 Do not know when the appropriate timing is 216 (41.22)
 Do not know how to discuss it with them 192 (36.64)
 Do not know the progress of the disease 188 (35.88)
 Should let the medical staff discuss it 153 (29.20)
 Worry that they might refuse/reject treatment 136 (25.95)
 Worry about the taboo of death 122 (23.28)
 Worry about others’ gossip (e.g., property) 96 (18.32)
  1. CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, DNR Do Not Resuscitate