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Table 1 Content of the 6S Model [8, 9]

From: Experiences of participation in bereavement groups from significant others’ perspectives; a qualitative study

Self-image The individual person’s self-description – who is the person and what is of central importance in his or her life?
Self-determination The individual person’s wishes and needs to be a co-actor in his or her life. How dependent is the person, and is there a way to support him or her to achieve autonomy?
Social relationships Ways to support the individual person to maintain important social relationships in the way he or she wishes.
Symptom control The individual person’s experiences of physical and bodily needs. This includes experiences of unpleasant physical changes that need to be alleviated.
Synthesis and summation Seeing the individual person’s spiritual and existential needs in retrospect and creating continuity and meaning in the death of a significant other.
Surrender Seeing the individual person’s spiritual and existential needs moving forward and creating meaning and acceptance.