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Table 2 The EORTC QLQ-C30 mean scores and comparison between cancer and non-cancer patients

From: Palliative care needs among patients with advanced illnesses in Bhutan

  Itema Cancer patients Non-cancer patients Combined patients p-Value (<0.05)
Mean Score (SD) Mean Score (SD) Mean Score (SD)
Functioning scalesb
 Physical 15-19 39.1 (31.4) 43.6 (34.6) 41.7 (33.1) 0.573
 Role 20,21 31.6 (39.9) 32.5 (39.4) 32.1 (39.4) 0.925
 Emotional 35-38 39.9 (38.0) 39.2 (37.6) 39.5 (37.5) 0.938
 Cognitive 34,39 58.6 (27.7) 56.9 (27.4) 57.6 (27.3) 0.799
 Social 40,41 43.7 (38.7) 33.7 (36.6) 37.9 (37.5) 0.283
Global health/ QOL scaleb 43,44 48.6 (21.4) 46.5 (26.2) 47.4 (24.1) 0.724
Symptom scales and/or itemsc
 Fatigue 24,26,32 59.4 (34.8) 63.1 (29.8) 61.6 (31.7) 0.639
 Nausea and vomiting 28,29 19.5 (30.6) 26.8 (33.5) 23.8 (32.3) 0.349
 Pain 23,33 55.2 (35.7) 39.8 (37.2) 46.2 (37.1) 0.087
 Dyspnoea 22 25.3 (34.1) 34.1 (37.6) 30.5 (36.2) 0.309
 Insomnia 25 43.7 (39.9) 36.6 (37.1) 39.5 (38.2) 0.454
 Appetite loss 27 41.4 (38.5) 43.9 (35.3) 42.9 (36.4) 0.781
 Constipation 30 50.6 (34.1) 17.1 (27.0) 31.0 (34.2) <0.001
 Diarrhoea 31 20.7 (28.7) 19.5 (29.8) 20.0 (29.2) 0.868
 Financial impact 42 81.6 (36.3) 69.1 (40.4) 74.3 (39.0) 0.180
  1. aNumbers as per the item numbers in the questionnaire; bFunctional scale scores range from 0 to 100, with a higher score representing a higher level of functioning or QOL; cSymptom scale scores range from 0 to 100, with higher score representing a greater degree of symptom severity