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Table 3 Changes in symptoms between Day 0 and Day 7 (n = 88)

From: To hydrate or not to hydrate? The effect of hydration on survival, symptoms and quality of dying among terminally ill cancer patients

Variable Non-Hydration (n = 72)   With Hydration (n = 16)   
Day 0 Day 7 p-value Day 0 Day 7 p-value Between-
groups p-value
Fatigue 2.35 ± 1.09 2.52 ± 1.20 0.113 2.60 ± 0.85 3.10 ± 0.96 0.119 0.068
Drowsiness 1.80 ± 1.26 2.12 ± 1.42 0.038 1.81 ± 1.42 2.97 ± 1.12 0.008 0.019
Dry mouth 1.37 ± 1.05 1.27 ± 1.04 0.548 2.00 ± 1.37 1.85 ± 1.38 0.717 0.062
Myoclonus 0.14 ± 0.39 0.21 ± 0.63 0.458 0.19 ± 0.40 0.06 ± 0.25 0.157 0.364
Delirium 0.47 ± 0.86 0.56 ± 0.89 0.182 0.63 ± 0.89 0.63 ± 0.96 0.861 0.690
Dyspnoea 0.63 ± 0.80 0.65 ± 0.83 0.748 0.50 ± 0.73 0.63 ± 0.81 0.414 0.905
Oedema 0.97 ± 0.98 0.97 ± 0.90 0.741 1.13 ± 1.26 1.06 ± 1.00 0.739 0.783
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD for continuous variables. The p-values were calculated using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for within-group analyses and Mann-Whitney U test for between-groups analyses