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Table 3 Cluster-adjusted mean scores and differences by subgroups

From: No difference in effects of ‘PACE steps to success’ palliative care program for nursing home residents with and without dementia: a pre-planned subgroup analysis of the seven-country PACE trial

Individual subgroups Baseline scores (T0) Post-intervention scores (T1 + T2) d Baseline-adjusted mean difference intervention versus control group post-intervention
Control Intervention Control Intervention
Cases No. Meanb Cases No. Meanb Cases No. Meanb Cases No. Meanb
Comfort in the last week of lifea
 Advanced dementia n = 99 n = 78 n = 136 n = 104 0.2
91 30.6 74 30.8 131 30.3 97 30.7
 Non-advanced dementia n = 65 n = 61 n = 167 n = 110 0.8
60 30.0 57 30.0 157 31.0 102 31.8
 Without dementia n = 74 n = 82 n = 157 n = 137 −1.9
70 29.7 75 30.6 146 31.3 128 30.2
Quality of care and dying in the last month of lifeb
 Advanced dementia n = 99 n = 78 n = 136 n = 104 3.6
97 38.1 75 37.1 135 38.0 103 40.6
 Non-advanced dementia n = 65 n = 61 n = 167 n = 110 2.7
65 38.4 59 38.3 163 39.5 104 42.2
 Without dementia n = 74 n = 82 n = 157 n = 137 4.2
74 41.2 78 39.3 152 39.8 133 42.2
  1. All mean differences between groups post-intervention are cluster and baseline adjusted
  2. Abbreviations: CAD-EOLD Comfort Assessment in Dying – End of Life in Dementia, QOD-LTC Quality of Dying in Long Term Care
  3. a Comfort in the last week of life was measured using CAD-EOLD scale (total scores range 14–42). Higher scores indicate better quality of dying
  4. b Quality of care and dying in the last month of life was measured using QOD-LTC scale (total scores range 11–55). Higher scores indicate better quality of end-of-life care
  5. c Total scores are averages per subscale multiplied by total number of items. Cases with missing data on more than 50% of items per subscale were excluded from the calculation of the total scale scores
  6. d Post intervention measurements collected for residents at T1 (=month 13) and T2 (=month 17)