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Table 5 Median scores at T0, T2; BCNI subscale Wilcoxon Signed Rank Tests z-values, effect sizes (r)

From: Development and evaluation of the Good Grief program for young people bereaved by familial cancer

Subscale n Median z r
   T0 T2   
Help and Information About Grief 64 14.00 12.00 −3.38*** −0.30
Time-Out from Grief 64 17.50 15.00 −2.86** −0.25
Planning for The Future 64 16.00 14.00 −3.35*** −0.30
Support from Friends 64 17.00 15.50 −2.57* −0.23
Talking to Others with Similar Experiences 64 15.00a 15.00a −2.26* −0.20
Dealing with Feelings 65 39.00 36.00 −3.13** −0.27
Family Connectedness 65 29.00 26.00 −1.94 −0.17
  1. aIt should be noted that despite the T0 and T2 medians being equal for this subscale, the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test was significant. This is likely because this test is not calculated using the median, but rather is based on the sums of positive and negative ranks. For further clarity as to the direction of the reported change from T0 to T2, the means and standard deviations, and mean positive and negative ranks for this subscale are as follows – T0: M = 14.93, SD = 3.77; T2: M = 13.94, SD = 3.92; Mpositive rank = 24.26; Mnegative rank = 28.53
  2. * < .05, ** < .01, *** < .001