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  1. The feasibility and clinical implication of drug monitoring of morphine, morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) and morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) need further investigation. This study aimed to determine what predicts se...

    Authors: Yong Joo Lee, Sang-Yeon Suh, Junghan Song, Sanghee Shiny Lee, Ah-Ram Seo, Hong-Yup Ahn, Myung Ah Lee, Chul-Min Kim and Pål Klepstad
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:53
  2. There is high variability in end-of-life (EOL) treatments. Some of this could be due to differences in physician treatment recommendations, their knowledge/attitude regarding palliative care, and their perceiv...

    Authors: Chetna Malhotra, Noreen Chan, Jamie Zhou, Hannah B. Dalager and Eric Finkelstein
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:52
  3. This paper defends the ethical and empirical significance of direct engagement with terminally ill children and adolescents in PPC research on health-related quality of life. Clinical trials and other forms of...

    Authors: Vasiliki Rahimzadeh, Gillian Bartlett, Cristina Longo, Laura Crimi, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Nada Jabado and Carolyn Ells
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:50
  4. Palliative care standards advocate support for grieving caregivers, given that some bereaved people fail to integrate their loss, experience ongoing emotional suffering and adverse health outcomes. Research sh...

    Authors: Margaret Sealey, Moira O’Connor, Samar M. Aoun and Lauren J. Breen
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:49
  5. Palliative radiotherapy (RT) is an effective treatment for symptomatic bone metastases. Pain flare, a transient worsening of the bone pain after RT, has been described in previous reports with different incide...

    Authors: Alfonso Gomez-Iturriaga, Jon Cacicedo, Arturo Navarro, Virginia Morillo, Patricia Willisch, Claudia Carvajal, Eduardo Hortelano, Jose Luis Lopez-Guerra, Ana Illescas, Francisco Casquero, Olga Del Hoyo, Raquel Ciervide, Ana Irasarri, Jose Ignacio Pijoan and Pedro Bilbao
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:48
  6. In the past decades, many new insights and best practices in palliative care, a relatively new field in health care, have been published. However, this knowledge is often not implemented. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Jasper van Riet Paap, Kris Vissers, Steve Iliffe, Lukas Radbruch, Marianne J. Hjermstad, Rabih Chattat, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen and Yvonne Engels
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:47
  7. Starting with early identification of palliative care patients by general practitioners (GPs), the Care Pathway for Primary Palliative Care (CPPPC) is believed to help primary health care workers to deliver pa...

    Authors: Bert Leysen, Bart Van den Eynden, Birgit Gielen, Hilde Bastiaens and Johan Wens
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:46
  8. The fundamental importance of good end of life care has been well documented however recent national publications have high-lighted inadequacies in training in this area. For many patients dying in the UK toda...

    Authors: Sophie Price and Susie Schofield
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:45
  9. Dignity Therapy is a brief psychotherapy that can enhance a sense of legacy while addressing the emotional and existential needs of patients receiving hospice or palliative care. In Dignity Therapy, patients c...

    Authors: Lori P. Montross-Thomas, Scott A. Irwin, Emily A. Meier, Jarred V. Gallegos, Shahrokh Golshan, Eric Roeland, Helen McNeal, Diane Munson and Laura Rodseth
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:44
  10. Nursing home and home care nursing staff must increasingly deal with palliative care challenges, due to cost cutting in specialized health care. Research indicates that a significant number of dying patients l...

    Authors: Kirsten Tornøe, Lars Johan Danbolt, Kari Kvigne and Venke Sørlie
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:43
  11. There has been an increase in research on improving end of life (EoL) care for older people with dementia in care homes. Findings consistently demonstrate improvements in practitioner confidence and knowledge,...

    Authors: Claire Goodman, Katherine Froggatt, Sarah Amador, Elspeth Mathie and Andrea Mayrhofer
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:42
  12. For cancer patients with inadequate pain relief, a switch to an alternative opioid is the preferred option for symptomatic improvement. However, multiple opioids are often simultaneously administered for anecd...

    Authors: Hyun-Jun Kim, Young Saing Kim and Se Hoon Park
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:41
  13. Understanding the characteristics of communication that foster patient-centered outcomes amid serious illness are essential for the science of palliative care. However, epidemiological cohort studies that dire...

    Authors: Robert Gramling, Elizabeth Gajary-Coots, Susan Stanek, Nathalie Dougoud, Heather Pyke, Marie Thomas, Jenica Cimino, Mechelle Sanders, Stewart C. Alexander, Ronald Epstein, Kevin Fiscella, David Gramling, Susan Ladwig, Wendy Anderson, Stephen Pantilat and Sally A. Norton
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:40
  14. Quality of near end-of-life (EOL) care is typically evaluated using six accepted quality indicators (QIs). Research has yet to evaluate the quality of EOL care for liver cancer patients in Taiwan. We evaluated...

    Authors: Yee-Hsin Kao and Jui-Kun Chiang
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:39
  15. Communication gaps impact the quality of patient care. Previous research has focused on communication barriers rather than seeking solutions. Our aim was to identify strategies for effective communication and ...

    Authors: Amanda L. Roze des Ordons, Nishan Sharma, Daren K. Heyland and John J. You
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:38
  16. Bleeding negatively impacts quality of life in patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer and has the potential to be lethal. When blood transfusion and endoscopic hemostasis are unsuccessful to stop b...

    Authors: Chihiro Kondoh, Kohei Shitara, Motoo Nomura, Daisuke Takahari, Takashi Ura, Hiroyuki Tachibana, Natsuo Tomita, Takeshi Kodaira and Kei Muro
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:37
  17. There is an urgent need to develop an evidence base for children’s palliative care (CPC) globally, and in particular in resource-limited settings. Whilst the volume of CPC research has increased in the last de...

    Authors: Julia Downing, Caprice Knapp, Mary Ann Muckaden, Susan Fowler-Kerry and Joan Marston
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:36
  18. This paper focuses on communication between hospital staff and family carers of patients dying on acute hospital wards, with an emphasis on the family carers’ perspective. The age at which people in the UK die...

    Authors: Glenys Caswell, Kristian Pollock, Rowan Harwood and Davina Porock
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:35
  19. Palliative care (PC) is no longer offered with preference to cancer patients (CA), but also to patients with non-malignant, progressive diseases. Taking current death statistics into account, PC in Europe will...

    Authors: Stephanie Stiel, Maria Heckel, Andreas Seifert, Tobias Frauendorf, Roland Martin Hanke and Christoph Ostgathe
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:34
  20. Professionals and relatives increasingly have to deal with people with intellectual disabilities (ID) who are in need of end-of-life care. This is a specific type of care that may require a different approach ...

    Authors: Nienke Bekkema, Anke J. E. de Veer, Cees M. P. M. Hertogh and Anneke L. Francke
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:33
  21. Dementia, of all long term illnesses, accounts for the greatest chronic disease burden, and the number of people with age-related diseases like dementia is predicted to double by 2040. People with advanced dem...

    Authors: Richard Philip Lee, Claire Bamford, Catherine Exley and Louise Robinson
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:32
  22. Case managers have been introduced in Dutch primary palliative care; these are nurses with expertise in palliative care who offer support to patients and informal carers in addition to the care provided by the...

    Authors: Annicka GM van der Plas, Anneke L Francke, Kris C Vissers, Wim JJ Jansen, Luc Deliens and Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:31
  23. End-stage renal disease carries a prognosis similar to cancer yet only 20 % of end-stage renal disease patients are referred to hospice. Furthermore, conversations between dialysis team members and patients ab...

    Authors: Nwamaka D. Eneanya, Sarah L. Goff, Talaya Martinez, Natalie Gutierrez, Jamie Klingensmith, John L. Griffith, Casey Garvey, Jenny Kitsen, Michael J. Germain, Lisa Marr, Joan Berzoff, Mark Unruh and Lewis M. Cohen
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:30
  24. Chaplaincy is a relatively new discipline in medicine that provides for care of the human spirit in healthcare contexts for people of all worldviews. Studies indicate wide appreciation for its importance, yet ...

    Authors: Linda Emanuel, George Handzo, George Grant, Kevin Massey, Angelika Zollfrank, Diana Wilke, Richard Powell, Walter Smith and Kenneth Pargament
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:29
  25. Most people prefer to receive end-of-life care in familiar surroundings rather than in hospital. This study examines variation in place of death for people dying from Parkinson’s disease (PD) across 11 Europea...

    Authors: Katrien Moens, Dirk Houttekier, Lieve Van den Block, Richard Harding, Lucas Morin, Stefano Marchetti, Agnes Csikos, Martin Loucka, Wayne A Naylor, Donna M Wilson, Joan Teno, Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas, YongJoo Rhee, Francisco Javier Garcia-Leon, Luc Deliens and Joachim Cohen
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:28
  26. Advance care planning (ACP) is a process whereby values and goals are sensitively explored and documented to uphold patients’ wishes should they become incompetent to make decisions in the future. Evidenced-ba...

    Authors: Natasha Michael, Clare O’Callaghan, Angela Baird, Karla Gough, Mei Krishnasamy, Nathaniel Hiscock and Josephine Clayton
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:27
  27. The design of environments in which people with dementia live should be understandable, reinforce personal identity and maintain their abilities. The focus on supporting people with dementia to live well has o...

    Authors: Richard Fleming, Fiona Kelly and Gillian Stillfried
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:26
  28. An increased number of emergency visits at the end of life may indicate poor-quality cancer care. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and utilization of emergency visits and to explore the reasons fo...

    Authors: Yi-Hui Lee, Dachen Chu, Nan-Ping Yang, Chien-Lung Chan, Shun-Ping Cheng, Jih-Tung Pai and Nien-Tzu Chang
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:25
  29. The effects of the Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) have never been investigated in older patients dying in acute geriatric hospital wards and its content and implementation have never been adapted to this specifi...

    Authors: Rebecca Verhofstede, Tinne Smets, Joachim Cohen, Massimo Costantini, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Agnes van der Heide and Luc Deliens
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:24
  30. There is an increasing international policy direction to promote home death for dying patients which will impact on the demands placed on family carers. The early identification of carer needs and appropriate ...

    Authors: Katherine Knighting, Mary R O’Brien, Brenda Roe, Rob Gandy, Mari Lloyd-Williams, Mike Nolan and Barbara A Jack
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:22
  31. One essential element of research is the successful recruitment of participants. However, concerns are obvious regarding the ethical implications of involving terminally ill and even dying patients and their i...

    Authors: Stephanie Stiel, Maria Heckel, Sonja Bussmann, Martin Weber and Christoph Ostgathe
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:21
  32. There are many potential benefits to chaplaincy in transforming into a “research-informed” profession. However little is known or has been documented about the roles of chaplains on research teams and as resea...

    Authors: Allison Kestenbaum, Jennifer James, Stefana Morgan, Michele Shields, Will Hocker, Michael Rabow and Laura B Dunn
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:20
  33. The information needs of parents facing end-of-life decisions for their child are complex due to the wide-ranging dimensions within which such significant events unfold. While parents acknowledge that healthca...

    Authors: Vicki Xafis, Dominic Wilkinson and Jane Sullivan
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:19
  34. The clinical course for hematologic malignancy varies widely and no prognostic tool is available for patients with a hematologic malignancy under palliative care. To assess the application of the Palliative Pr...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Chou, Chen-Yi Kao, Po-Nan Wang, Hung Chang, Hung-Ming Wang, Pei-Hung Chang, Kun-Yun Yeh and Yu-Shin Hung
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:18
  35. The challenge of an ageing population and consequential increase of long term conditions means that the number of people requiring palliative care services is set to increase. One UK hospice is introducing new...

    Authors: Steven M Arris, Deborah A Fitzsimmons and Susan Mawson
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:17
  36. Family caregivers in palliative care have a need for knowledge and support from health professionals, resulting in the need for educational and supportive interventions. However, research has mainly focused on...

    Authors: Maja Holm, Ida Carlander, Carl-Johan Fürst, Yvonne Wengström, Kristofer Årestedt, Joakim Öhlen and Anette Henriksson
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:16
  37. Advance care planning (ACP) is the process of planning for future healthcare that is facilitated by a trained healthcare professional, whereby a person’s values, beliefs and treatment preferences are made know...

    Authors: Marcus Sellars, Karen M Detering and William Silvester
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:15
  38. Advance care planning (ACP) facilitates communication and understanding of preferences, nevertheless the use of ACPs in primary care is low. The uncertain course of dementia and the inability to communicate wi...

    Authors: Kevin Brazil, Gillian Carter, Karen Galway, Max Watson and Jenny T van der Steen
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:14
  39. Illness attributions, particularly for those living with life limiting illnesses, are associated with emotional adjustment or psychological distress. Few studies have examined attributions among people severel...

    Authors: Jonathan Koffman, Cassie Goddard, Wei Gao, Diana Jackson, Pauline Shaw, Rachel Burman, Irene J Higginson and Eli Silber
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:13
  40. Despite recognition of the centrality of professional board-certified chaplains (BCC) in palliative care, the discipline has little research to guide its practices. To help address this limitation, HealthCare ...

    Authors: Richard A Powell, Linda Emanuel, George Handzo, John Lantos, Laura B Dunn, Ellen L Idler, Diane J Wilkie, Kevin Massey, William T Summerfelt, Marilyn JD Barnes, Tammie E Quest, Allison Kestenbaum, Karen Steinhauser, George Fitchett, Angelika Zollfrank, Annette K Olsen…
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:12
  41. More people die in hospital than in any other setting which is why it is important to study the outcomes of hospital care at end of life. This study analyses what influenced outcomes in a sample of patients wh...

    Authors: Kieran McKeown, Trutz Haase, Jonathan Pratschke, Shelagh Twomey, Helen Donovan and Feline Engling
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:11
  42. Chaplains are increasingly seen as key members of interdisciplinary palliative care teams, yet the specific interventions and hoped for outcomes of their work are poorly understood. This project served to deve...

    Authors: Kevin Massey, Marilyn JD Barnes, Dana Villines, Julie D Goldstein, Anna Lee Hisey Pierson, Cheryl Scherer, Betty Vander Laan and Wm Thomas Summerfelt
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:10
  43. Providing person-centred, dignity-conserving care for hospitalised patients is central to many healthcare policies and essential to the provision of effective palliative care. The Patient Dignity Question (PDQ) “

    Authors: Bridget Johnston, Jan Pringle, Marion Gaffney, Melanie Narayanasamy, Margaret McGuire and Deans Buchanan
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:9
  44. Dignity Therapy (DT), an intervention for people facing serious illness, focuses on dignity conservation tasks such as settling relationships, sharing words of love, and preparing a legacy document for loved o...

    Authors: George Fitchett, Linda Emanuel, George Handzo, Lara Boyken and Diana J Wilkie
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:8
  45. Many patients wish to stay at home during the terminal stage of cancer. However, there is concern that medical care provided at home may negatively affect survival. This study therefore explored whether the su...

    Authors: Nozomu Murakami, Kouichi Tanabe, Tatsuya Morita, Shinichi Kadoya, Masanari Shimada, Kaname Ishiguro, Naoki Endo, Koichiro Sawada, Yasunaga Fujikawa, Rumi Takashima, Yoko Amemiya, Hiroyuki Iida, Shiro Koseki, Hatsuna Yasuda and Tatsuhiko Kashii
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:7
  46. There are a number of studies dedicated to characteristics of sedation, but these studies are mostly bound to western country practices. The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of patients who...

    Authors: Xiaoli Gu, Wenwu Cheng, Menglei Chen, Minghui Liu and Zhe Zhang
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:5
  47. The use of chemotherapy in advanced cancer patients has increased with the development of novel, high-efficacy anticancer therapeutic agents. In the current study, we analyzed the 10-year trends in patients re...

    Authors: Hee Seung Lee, Kyeong Hyeon Chun, Dochang Moon, Hahn Kyu yeon, Sanghoon Lee and SooHyeon Lee
    Citation: BMC Palliative Care 2015 14:4

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